Presenting – The Beach Rotary Club – Service Above Self in the Beach

One of the areas I really set out to focus on in my Beach neighbourhood portrait was the local spirit of charity and community assistance. One of the organizations that I interviewed, the Pegasus Community Project for Adults with Special Needs, left a deep impression on me. This is a day-time program for adults with developmental disabilities that also runs a local thrift store on Kingston Road to generate funding and to provide practical work experiences for the participants in the program.

Marie Perrotta, the founder and executive director of this organization, explained to me that one organization has been tremendously supportive of her initiative over the last few years: The Toronto Beach Rotary Club. So she connected me with the President, Barbara Dingle, who had also been mentioned to me by Sandra Bussin in connection with the restoration of the Gardener’s Cottage. But more about that project in a little bit.

On a frigid February day Barbara welcomed me to her home and we sat down to chat for a couple of hours. Barbara started off by giving me some general information about the Rotary Club. Rotary International is the oldest service club in the world. It was founded in 1905 in Chicago, Illinois, by an attorney by the name of Paul P. Harris who wanted to recreate the friendly spirit of his small town upbringing. The concept spread throughout the United States and by 1921, Rotary Clubs had formed on six continents. A 1943 London Rotary conference promoting international cultural and educational exchanges was part of the inspiration for the formation of UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) in 1946, illustrating Rotary International’s impact on a global scale.

The Rotary Club’s principal motto is “Service Above Self”, and its 1.2 million members worldwide in more than 200 countries provide humanitarian service, encourage high ethical standards in all vocations, and help build peace and goodwill in the world. The organization is non-political, non-religious and open to men and women of all cultures, races and creeds. Rotary’s main objective is to serve the community and throughout the world, taking up issues such as children at risk, poverty, hunger, the environment, illiteracy and violence. Youth programs and international exchange opportunities are also supported.

Rotary International is organized in local chapters, and the Toronto Beach Rotary Club is a fairly recent addition to the Rotary family. The club was chartered in 1999, originally as an offshoot of the East York Rotary Club which has been in existence for more than 60 years. Barb explained that the Toronto Beach Rotary Club is a breakfast club, and that members meet once a week on Tuesdays nice and early at 7:15 am at the Balmy Beach Club which generously makes their facilities available.

Barb herself got connected with the Rotary Club about 4 years ago when a friend introduced her to the club. About a half a year into her membership she went to approach various retail stores during a fundraising drive, and from her interactions with the merchants she realized the amount of respect and cache that membership in the Rotary Club conveyed. All of a sudden doors started to open easily, and people started to listen to her fundraising proposals.

Barb explains that she wanted to become involved in the community, but
was not sure where to start. A few visits to the Beach Rotary meetings
opened doors to the kind of opportunities she was looking for. Barb says
that the club meets once a week for one hour, not a very huge time
commitment, and added that many people might initially be scared of
committing to volunteer work. Barb feels strongly that an hour a week is
feasible for most of us and clarified that you can get involved as
little or as much as you want in the club’s activities. Time restraints
on our lives change from month to month, year to year. Barb adds that “if you have the desire to give back to your community and to play a small part in
helping humanity on an international level, Rotary Clubs have the
infrastructure to make it happen”.

When she first joined she had no idea what the Rotary Club was all about, and she learned that every Rotary Club world-wide works on two levels: to raise funds for and help local community organizations, and to become involved on a global level to support serious international causes.

On an international level, Rotary Clubs support a broad range of humanitarian, intercultural, and educational programs and activities designed to improve the human condition and advance the organization’s ultimate goal of global understanding and peace. The Toronto Beach Rotary Club’s international initiatives include the removal of landmines, the worldwide eradication of polio and leprosy, as well as AIDS orphans in South Africa.

Barb explained that to support the landmines program, the “Night of a 1000 Dinners” was held last November at Quigley’s Pub and Bistro, a popular restaurant in the Beach and a strong supporter of local charities. Quigley’s generously donated a gourmet four-course dinner for 50 guests that was accompanied by local guitarist Tom Price. A keynote speech was given by Scott Fairweather, the CEO of The Canadian Landmine Foundation who is also a Rotarian. A Clear-a-Landmine Raffle was held, and the top prizes, a watercolour painting donated by generous community supporter Ann Francis Oakes, and a day of golfing fun at the Toronto Hunt donated by Graham Sanborn went to two lucky winners. In total $2500 were raised from this event and presented to the Canadian Landmine Foundation.

In addition to international causes the Toronto Beach Rotary Club
is very involved in supporting the local Beach neighbourhood. The Club’s annual
“Bowl for the Beach” Bowl-A-Thon provides funding to the Pegasus Community Project , as well as scholarships to local high school students and after school programs, and The Haig Family Resource Program. This year the Bowl-A-Thon will be held on April 21 at the Thorncliffe Bowlerama, and Barb indicated that the event is always great fun, and many different groups from the community participate.

Another popular initiative is the Free Movie for Seniors, a weekly free
movie night at the Fox Theatre, a real landmark in the Beach and the
oldest continuously running movie theatre in Toronto. In addition, a
Christmas lunch donated by Quigley’s Pub and Bistro was held for the
seniors at St. Aidan’s Church. More than 300 seniors enjoyed a delicious turkey dinner, and Quigley’s generosity was much appreciated

Barb also explained a major community effort that has left a lasting legacy in the Beach: during the late summer / early fall of 2005, renovations to the Gardener’s Cottage (the historic Kew Williams House) were undertaken as a joint project by the City of Toronto, spearheaded by City Councillor Sandra Bussin, the City’s Parks and Recreation Department and the Toronto Beach Rotary Club. The Gardener’s Cottage is a treasured landmark at the foot of Lee Avenue, and was in need of repair.

One of the major strengths of Rotary is that each club is comprised of a
cross-section of vocations. By drawing on the club members’ wide variety
of skills and connections, amazing good work is accomplished. As a
long-term collaborator with Canadian home décor queen Debbie Travis, and
a past associate editor for House and Home Magazine, Barbara Dingle had
the perfect idea: to restore this treasured Beach icon together with a
group of talented local designers who each took over one section of the
building. The verandah, the entrance hall, the parlour, the dining room,
the kitchen, the upper hallway, the girl’s and boy’s bedrooms, the
bathroom and the master bedroom were all authentically restored and
decorated by different designers to reflect the Queen Anne period. A
large number of merchants and business people donated everything from
labour, paint and lumber to fabrics, draperies, lighting, plants,
accessories and furniture for the project. More than $70,000 worth of
goods and services were donated, and the entire Beach community came
together to restore a beloved neighbourhood icon. The results are
stunning.

For three weeks in September and October of 2005, Barbara and her team put together the “Dream Tour” which provided the public with an exceptional opportunity to view the designs and the contributions of the local designers and merchants. A beautiful full-colour magazine was put together to showcase the project, the history of the Kew Williams House and each section of the building that had been so lovingly restored. Funds from tour ticket sales were donated to Toronto East General Hospital’s Mental Health Program for Children and Adolescents. In total a donation of $15,000 was raised and passed along to the Mental Health Crisis Unit at Toronto East General Hospital – a true demonstration of an entire community coming together to make positive things happen.

Another big event in the works is an Annual Rotary Lobsterfest in the Beach. The Toronto Beach Rotary Club together with the East York Rotary Club is planning a fundraiser where people can feast on a fresh lobster dinner with all the fixings, listen to some great music and play games. The event will be fun for the whole family. Proceeds from this fundraiser will be donated to the Woodgreen Community Services Homeward Bound Program – a program dedicated toward helping women acquire life skills, computer skills, a community college education and employment training so they can learn to provide for themselves and their children.

Barbara added that the Toronto Beach Rotary Club is a small club, but it has done huge things for the entire neighbourhood. The club has many volunteers, loosely referred to as “Friends of Rotary” who are not full-fledged members, but who love to donate their time to help out. At the moment the club is looking for new members and has started advertisements with the headline “Do you need Rotary? Rotary needs you.” Barbara describes her volunteer work with the Rotary Club as an extremely rewarding experience.

She explained that joining is quite simple: a prospective member would come out to the breakfast meetings for several weeks in a row to assess the fit with the Rotary organization. At the end of this trial period they can officially join and become a regular member. The reasons for joining are many: not only does the Rotary Club provide the opportunity to serve and support local and international causes; it also provides a great realm for friendships and business development. The special events run by the club offer an opportunity for personal growth, leadership and ethics development. In addition, exposure to community and global programs provides learning opportunities for greater cultural awareness. All in all it’s a win-win situation, for the individual, for the club and for the communities, locally and abroad, that are supported by the Rotary Club.

Naturally I also needed to inquire into Barbara Dingle’s connection with the Beach. Together with her husband John she moved into this area in the fall of 1975 because they saw the Beach as a great place to bring up children. Their children Geremy and Emily attended local schools where their love for music and drama was fostered along with strong academics. She added that the Beach today is an area on the move, similar to 30 years ago. Everyone is renovating and “a spurt of youth” is being injected into the neighbourhood. The Beach is an eclectic mix of teachers, artists, professionals and people from all other walks of life, “a great tapestry of people and a very egalitarian place”, to use Barb’s words.

Presenting – The Beaches Library – A Centre of Learning and Community Interaction

Right in the heart of the Beach, just a few steps from the intersection of Queen Street and Lee Avenue is the Beaches Library, a stunning building designed by architect Eden Smith in the 17th Century English Collegiate Grammar School Style. A $50,000 grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York City to the Toronto Public Library facilitated the construction. The current building replaced a storefront library and was opened in December of 1916.

Two other nearly identical libraries (the Wychwood and High Park Branch) were opened around the same time, and George Locke, the chief librarian wanted the three buildings to “bring to the minds of the people of the outlying districts some recollection of the Scottish and English village type architecture. The design was actually considered to be a “decided revolt” from the Classical styling of other Carnegie libraries.

The building is impressive and features a soaring hammer-beamed ceiling, a plain stone fireplace, lead-glass casement windows, and a minstrel gallery. In 2004, the western section of the Library was renovated and restored and reopened to the public in January of 2005. The new two-level wing represents a harmonious architectural addition to the existing building that integrates extremely well into the design. Since 1979 the Toronto Beaches Library has been included in the Inventory of Toronto Heritage Properties.

I had had several opportunities to visit the Beaches Library: as a meeting place for historic tours with Gene Domagala, when Barbara Weissmann, the Branch Head of the library, provided me with historical background information about the Beach, and as a special stop in my Beach tour with Sandra Bussin, who considers the Beaches Library her favourite building in the Beach.

One evening I dropped by and talked to Eniko Szabo, the children’s librarian, and she informed me about the various programs that are being offered to children and adults at the Beaches Library. Eniko herself is also a puppeteer who puts on a variety of animated shows for children throughout the year.

Both Barbara and Eniko directed me to a variety of special places in the building: the main floor multi-purpose room with the fireplace, the comfortable sitting areas on both levels of the west wing which according to Eniko provide some of the best sunset views in Toronto; a majestic view from the gallery over the Reading Hall; a historic tapestry that was created as a community project, and the original water fountain that has been preserved throughout the years.

The Beaches Library primarily features English print material, fiction and non-fiction for adults, teens and children as well as videos, DVDs and CDs. In addition, it also has an extensive local history collection as well as a wide selection of audio books, a career information collection, English as a Second Language materials, language learning kits, a large print collection and French language collections for both adults and children. The Beaches Library is one of the most active libraries in the Toronto Public Library system, one of the largest and busiest library systems in the world. Public usage has increased dramatically since the 2005 reopening after the renovation, attesting to the popularity of this library branch.

A variety of special events are also held at the Beaches Library, including a weekly “Wednesday Afternoon at the Movies” featuring classic and contemporary feature films every Wednesday at 2 pm. Beaches Book Lovers is a monthly drop-in for book discussions. The Teen Programs at the Beaches Library include Anime Films for March Break and a Knitting Circle that teaches basic stitches and how to knit a funky scarf. The Knitting Circle is also offered for children ages 7 and up. The popular Storytimes programs are offered for children of different ages including Babytime, Toddler Time and Preschool Storytime.

Approaches To Boost Your Google PageRank

Researching engine optimization is really a matter of implementing several basic techniques. Among the most important elements is raising your site’s PageRank. The fact is, it really is not extremely difficult to boost the pr of one’s web site. Over time, you get outcomes by doing a couple of basic things consistently. In the subsequent write-up we will be looking into three unique tips to help you boost your pr and get the exposure you will need.

The first issue you are able to do with regards to obtaining a much better pr is speak to other folks in popular forums inside your area of interest. When you participate inside a forum within your market, usually put your site’s website link inside the signature box. Whenever you find a discussion board that is filled with posts, you will realize that discussion board includes a excellent PageRank, and that’s why it is important to target people extremely forums. Whenever you use your website link in a very common forum, you receive tons of backlinks and you also will also build your image as an authority inside your market, and all that can boost your PageRanking guaranteed. You’ll also wish to make sure you stay away from forums that don’t have a very great deal of registered users and posts. Only target those forums with PageRanks within the higher numbers. In terms of back links on these forums, it’s all about quality, not quantity. Plus, each and every post you make on these forums has the possibility that somebody will click on it to go to your web page, so you receive even more visitors. You can submit your weblog to special websites due to the fact they are lookup engine friendly and have a high PageRanking because of the reality that they have lots of incoming back links. You need to appear for directories that allow “do follow” links so that you simply can improve your pr with their assistance. The majority of these blog directories are free but some do charge a fee which is usually worth partying. You’ll be able to simply find these website directories by searching on Google.

The Best Consolidation Loans From the Best in the Field

The best consolidation loans are the ones which represent a solution, the best solution for people with debts. What makes these loans the best, is their ability to fold themselves around the customer’s needs. Financial debt consolidation is helpful for people who want to overcome problems. The way to do it is to get a low interest debt consolidation loan; in one word finding the right solution for the right customer.

What are the best consolidation loans all about?

These loans are what people who have debts need to get in order to put their lives back on the right track and live a worry free life. Financial debt consolidation makes reference to a reorganization of debts. That is taking all the debts a persons has and put them into one loan. This way that person only has a monthly payment. This payment is reasonable and significantly reduced that all the other debts previously accumulated.

What is the aim of this matter?

Financial experts aim at embellishing people’s lives and bring them closer to happiness. That is what a person should be able to find along with the best consolidation loans. Nowadays happiness is the synonym of both comfort, as well as safety. People will be able to reach these goals, after they have paid all their debts.

In order to take advantage of these kinds of loans, people should go talk to a financial expert. He or she will transfer the money owed into one loan with a reasonable monthly payment. This way they receive a lower rate of interest, improved credit rating, as well as reduced monthly payments. These are the precise reasons why Blessington Steven recommends this company which provides the best consolidation loans.

Back to School – Back to Business!

I don’t know about you, but my social media feed has been filled with back to school photos from family and friends. My kids are older, and back to school has lost the fun it used to have, but I love seeing my friends reach the milestones I did! Nothing like smiling faces and new backpacks!

With the kids starting a new school year, our focus shifts back to business and doing away with the summer slowdown. Back to school is the perfect time to review your goals and refresh your business!

Here are our top 10 Back to Business Essentials!

1. Has your business grown or changed structure over the last year – speak with a tax professional to be sure that you’re meeting the requirements and filing the appropriate paperwork.

2. Take a good look at your schedule, are you overextending yourself? Are you meeting your personal and professional commitments? How are you spending your time, and could you be spending your time more efficiently?

3. Is it time for some support? Maybe it’s an in-house personal assistant, a copywriter, social media guru, or just someone to lean on – don’t wait until its too late and you’re missing commitments!

4. Is your website up to date? When was the last time you re-vamped your copy and images? Do all of your links work the way they should? Is your site mobile friendly and GDPR compliant? Not sure where to start? Send us an email with a link to your site; we’re happy to take a quick peek around and provide feedback to get you back on track.

5. When was the last time you increased your rates? September is the perfect time to consider raising your rates and provide notice to your existing clients of a rate change for the coming year.

6. Have you been keeping up with social media? Do you post regularly (text, video or pictures)? Is your blog up to date? Not sure what to write, check out our blog about creating a content calendar for ideas.

7. When was the last time you launched a new product service? Do you have some custom programs that you currently offer clients, that would have a wider appeal? Maybe its time to do an official launch and reach a wider audience?

8. Speaking of a wider audience – what tools are you using to bring in new leads? Are you looking for some fresh ideas? Download our lead magnet whitepaper, or email us to brainstorm the best lead magnets for your business!

9. Research your competition – what products and services are they offering, and at what price point? Are you in line with their offerings?

10. Get out and network! Summer slowdown is over! Networking is fantastic for business, not just to generate leads, and foster connections, but networking is great for practicing your elevator pitch and staying current with trends. You never know what you’ll learn!

Unsecured Consolidation Loans for Everybody

Unsecured consolidation loans are the result which a set of financial techniques comes to. These kinds of loans are meant to help those people who need to find a solution for getting out of debt. All the measures financial experts take are supervised and corroborated by a debt assistance team. This is made out of very well trained specialists. These are people dedicated to their jobs and persevering in their fields of work.

How does this work?

Financial affairs work as a whole. Loans imply an analysis of the customer’s financial situation. Experts take a look at people’s debts and decide what the next step is. They examine the customer’s income and his or her budget. Afterwards they search for the proper solution, for people who want to get out of debt. It is important to make sure each customer receives something matching his or her needs.

Unsecured consolidation loans are meant for all the people who have debts. These loans are just like other loans, with the difference that they are unsecured, meaning that they do not require collateral. Lenders are willing to provide loans for people with debts, so that customers can pay all the debts they have and remain with one reasonable monthly payment.

The solutions debt consolidation companies are providing have proven useful to all many customers. Basically what financial experts do is take all debts, calculate what a person owes and give that person a loan to cover the debt up. Hence the customer will have one single reduced payment each month, with a reduced rate of interest. This is why Blessington Steven recommends this company which provides unsecured consolidation loans.

Information Security Awareness Training – External Storage Formats

Backup copies recently are very important to make your bussines successful an safe. There are many different ways how to store backup copies.

The safest way from information security awareness viewpoint, of course, is save these copies on external storage devices and put it as far as possible away from your office.

Here are some devices from which you can choose the best for your backup copies!

*Floppy Disc

A floppy disc is a data storage device that is composed of a disc of thin, flexible (“floppy”) magnetic storage medium encased in a square or rectangular plastic shell. Floppy discs are read and written by a floppy disk drive or FDD.

Capacity: 1,44 MB (3½-inch disc), 1.2 MB (5¼-inch disc)

Problems: There can be saved only low capacity files! To make backups for all files you need hundreds of floppy discs! Sometimes they just broken and all information on them lost!

*Zip Disc

Similar to a floppy disc, but slightly larger. Cannot be used in the same slot that is used for floppies, and also higher capacity Zip discs must be used in a drive with at least the same capacity ability.

Capacity: 100MB – 750MB

Problems: Discs are inconvenient for use because there are different size of discs and also different size of disc drive! They also not so diffuse as other storage devices!

*CD-RW

Short for CD-ReWritable disc, a type of CD disc that enables you to write onto it in multiple sessions. CD-RW media can only be written in a CD-RW recorder, not in a simple CD recorder, though a CD-RW recorder can also record standard CD-R discs.

Capacity: up to 700MB

Problems: You need to buy a CD-RW drive if your computer doesn’t come with one, but in nowadays most of computers include this drive! CD discs is easy to damage!

*DVD-RW

Short for DVD-ReWritable, a re-recordable DVD format similar to DVD+RW. The data on a DVD-RW disc can be erased and recorded over numerous times without damaging the medium.

Capacity: up to 4,7GB

Problems:You need to buy a DVD-RW drive if your computer doesn’t come with one! DVD discs is easy to damage!

*USB Flash

A small, portable flash memory card that plugs into a computer’s USB port and functions as a portable hard drive. USB flash drives are touted as being easy-to-use as they are small enough to be carried in a pocket and can plug into any computer with a USB drive – you don’t need special recorder device.

Capacity: 128MB – 8GB

Problems: Because of there size USB flash is easy to misplace! Keep this device with backup copies in safe and, for you, well known place.

*Removable Hard Disc

A type of disc drive system in which hard disc are enclosed in plastic or metal cartridges so that they can be removed like floppy discs. Removable disc drives combine the best aspects of hard and floppy discs. They are nearly as capacious and fast as hard discs and have the portability of floppy discs.

Capacity: up to 20GB

Problems: All information are saved to one device, so if something bad happen with this one device, all information also is endangered! So better make more than one backup copy.

Conference Bridge For Better Networking System

If you and your business need frequent conference calls to clients, professionals, agencies or offices in the city or around the world to coordinate, then having access to audio conference bridge can save time and effort in connecting all people in your conference call together.

There are a number of enterprises and service providers that plan and manage your conference calls for the price, but if you regularly need to use this service then, perhaps, you want to purchase your own conference bridge, so that all conference planning and coordination can occur in your house. Of course, before you decide to organize a conference bridge for your company, it is very important that you realize what conference bridge is and how it can help your business. Thus, you know what to look for when it’s time to buy your own.

A conference bridge is a telephone system that allows the telephone conference. It is connected to a phone line and also has an administrative software package that allows the operator, the account or the conference program in the system. Conference service providers offer their service to you and if you buy their conference bridge, you will always be your own service provider.

As the name implies, an audio conference bridge is designed to allow audio conference takes place between a numbers of individuals. The bridge itself works in a similar way to the Internet server, in a number of different locations can all call in and connect to the bridge at the same time and get their connections simultaneously. The user can freely interact with each other than with a standard telephone conference, and there is no need for a single user to initiate the call and call the others, they all connect only to the central bridge and from there able to conduct an audio conference behavior as they would with any other such call.

Before purchasing your own conference bridge, it is important that you shop around and compare the various options for a bridge that will best meet the needs of your company at a price related to the excessively. Consider the size of an average call of your company and whether the participants of the conference are offices, freelancers and agents or customers. This will help you to consider the number of connections your bridge need to handle and whether you are better served with the basic bridge that users can determine, or if you yourself need to buy a car with features dialer and scheduling software. You should also ensure that the bridge you are considering compatible with both the public standard telephone systems and Voice Over Internet Protocol system, such as VOIP systems that are much more frequently used in business. Be sure that the bridge you purchase will give you benefits for a long-term.

Exactly How To Create A Great Facebook Fan Site

There has nearly by no means been a quicker and much more powerful technique to obtain in front of targeted visitors than with Facebook lover webpages. There are many big and small corporations that are making use of these fan webpages to get more exposure and have more interested people get into their network. Why do we tell you this? Simple. It’s because you are able to do the same thing, and there’s no reason why you should not do it. This article is overflowing with good stuff for building Facebook lover pages and then marketing them.

Aim at making reside conversations that are ongoing. You can take advantage of their discussion app, and then you can also do standing updates, as well. Treat your followers like gold because they’re; so just be normal, cool, and speak to them and get them at your fan web page and interact with them. This provides you with an inside peak in to the minds of one’s target audience. You’ll get the best response when you let have the freedom to talk to you. As soon as you know what people are saying you can consider manage of the conversation. Lover webpages are also efficient within the region of customer relations, and you’ll be within the driver’s seat and can smooth issues over, if possible. You’ll be in front of your other fans, so do not lose your cool and just be polite. As soon as you have place up some good and high quality content material on your lover page, start suggesting it to people inside your network. This indicates that the much more connections you’ve in your community, the much better your chance of success will probably be. If your network isn’t yet large, place some effort into growing it over time and don’t forget that you need to focus on high quality, not quantity. So leverage your private network to the maximum and if possible communicate with these people you realize and ask them to recommend your page to their private community, which provides you with access to a bigger viewers.

Don’t forget to start selling your fan page to increase its high exposure. 1 easy way to do that is to invite fans from your own Facebook buddies checklist. If you have had the foresight to separate your buddies and professional contacts into lists you are able to merely invite every list as a single “group” instead of wasting time by inviting each user individually. This could be the easiest and best method to increase the numbers of followers you’ve. Upon clicking the “suggest to friends” link on your fan web page, you will start to see friend’s lists whenever you begin typing their title. This will assist you to in automatically sending out the invitation for your newly produced fan page. Doing this isn’t at all difficult, and the Facebook fan pages were meant for the masses – so you know it is not difficult. It just requires you to put in some diligent research before you go reside. The more time you spend on preparing your lover web page, the easier it will be to leap start the whole branding and selling.

Information Security Awareness Training – E-Commerce And Security

More and more peoples in there daily life use computer to make things that previously they do without computer, for example, buy and sell! Of course, its takes less time and can be done from home, but not so offten peoples thinking about: how safe it is! And from other side seller invent, that he want to start e-commerce, but he not sure what it is and how its works!

This article is for both side…For understanding, how e-commerce mechanism works and how do this cooperation safer!

What is E-commerce?

Electronic commerce or ecommerce is a term for any type of business, or commercial transaction, that involves the transfer of information across the Internet or other network.(monstercommerce.com)

Different types of E-commerce.

*B2B (Business-to-Business) is a from of electronic commerce in which companies doing business with each other such as manufacturers selling to distributors and wholesalers selling to retailers. Pricing is based on quantity of order and is often negotiable.

*B2C (Business-to-Consumer) is a form of electronic commerce in which products or services are sold from a firm or company to a consumer. This selling usually happened through catalogs, e-shops!

*B2E (Business to Employee) is a form of electronic commerce which is more commonly known as an “Intranet”. A basic focus of business is the employee, rather than the consumer! Usually it is some kind of portal for everyone within an organization. This portal is designed to include not only everything that an employee might hope to find on an intranet, but also any personal information and links that the employee might want.

*C2C (Consumer-to-Consumer) is a form of electronic commerce in which involves the electronically-facilitated transactions between consumers through some third party. A common example is the online auctio, in which a consumer posts an item for sale and other consumers bid to purchase it; the third party generally charges a flat fee or commission.

There are also other types of E-commerce, for example, G2G (Goverment-to-Goverment), G2B (Goverment-to-Bussines) and other which are connected to government, but these four are the main.

E-commerce and security

How we already know that to make e-commerce we need computer and of course – systems. Any system which provide any type of e-commerce need to answer four requirements:

*privacy: information must be kept from unauthorized parties.

*integrity: message must not be altered or tampered with.

*authentication: sender and recipient must prove their identities to each other.

*non-repudiation: proof is needed that the message was indeed received.

These requirements is needed to make safe cooperation between service provider and customer, and, of course, prevent third side interference!

How execute these requirements?

To execute these requirements you can choose one or some of the different suggestions:

*PKI – Public Key Infrastructure – to provide privacy and authentication.

*Digital Signature – to provide authentication and integrity.

*SSL – Secure Socket Layer – to provide privacy and authentication.

*Time Stamp and others.

For now, most popular solution in e-commerce security is Secure Socket Layer or SSL. It is so because its merge the best attributes from PKI. SSL uses PKI and Digital Certificates to ensure privacy and authentication.

The procedure is something like this: the client sends a message to the server, which replies with a digital certificate. Using PKI, server and client negotiate to create session keys, which are symmetrical secret keys specially created for that particular transmission. Once the session keys are agreed, communication continues with these session keys and the digital certificates. (ecommerce-digest.com)

To known that this page is secure with SSL, you need just look to the address bar: if the address begins with “https” and there is padlock icon at the bottom of the page, than you can be sure that this page is safer than other! Why safer,but not totally safe? Because totally safe web pages didn’t exist!

Most of e-commerce provider leave the mechanics of security to hosting company or IT staff, but for each who want to start e-commerce, is important known how it works and whats responsibilities are asked from this side!